The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family.

He’s a small, compact, dainty dog. He displays character and glamour. His crowning glory is a dense, double-coat, made up of long, harsh, standoff guard hairs and a soft woolly undercoat. The Pomeranian’s coat contributes tremendously to the breed’s visual appeal. His tail lies flat, straight over his back. The tail has a profuse plume reaching to the back of his head.

The Pomeranian has a short, compact body, a short neck, and tight cat-like feet. He should move soundly with grace and style. The Pomeranian dog is well-proportioned. His body is balanced in that his legs are very much in proportion to the rest of his body. He’s not too long that he appears to be on stilts, and not so short that he would present with a dumpy appearance.


Size: The Pomeranian ideally weighs 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.5 kg) but may weigh 3 to 7 pounds.

In contrast to most dog breeds, the female Pomeranian is preferred to be larger than the male. Pomeranians experience their share of whelping difficulties. Breeding with larger females is encouraged in the hope of decreasing whelping complications.


The Pomeranian is a delightful family member. He’s playful, energetic, loyal, loving, lively, outgoing and intelligent.

He may come packaged in an extremely small parcel. However, he hasn’t forgotten his heritage and behaves as if he’s an enormously large Spitz dog. Because Poms are intelligent and playful, they require lots of mental stimuli to keep them busy. They’re fiercely independent and succumb to “small dog syndrome,” a trait they share with numerous other small dog breeds.

They require plenty of training to help them be social and to ensure good behaviour. Poms respond well to training and enjoy learning, so it generally becomes easier to train them as you add new elements to the training regime.


Average Life Expectancy: The average Pomeranian lifespan is about 12 years, but it’s not unusual for some to live a happy life well into their mid to late teens. Keeping your Pom trim and active will help prevent many health problems and enable him to lead a happy life into the mid-teens.